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HUMANITARIAN CHRONOGRAPH

Gassiev  А. А.  Islam  and   constitution

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATIONS

Khugayev  I.S.  Bulba's  brothers:  to  the  question  of  fidelity  and  betrayal

LITERATURE

Khetagurova  D.К.  The  Interpretation  of  folkloric  Images  in  the  Poetry  of  A. I.  Tokaev

Abstract. The subject of the analysis, in the article, are the poems of the symbolist poet A. I. Tokaev. Specific features of the interpretation of the folkloric images of the snake and the devil are discovered and described. Folkloric mythological images are organically interconnected with the author's own symbolist worldview in such poems as «The Biting Snake...», «The Rose», «To the Black Gorge the Heavy Beam...» and «The Screams in the Night».
Keywords:symbolism, mythology, folklore, poetry, choseness, animal symbolism.
REFERENCES
1. Abaev V.I. Dælimon // Abaev V.I. Historical-Etymological Dictionary of Ossetian Language (in 4 volumes). V. III. L.: Science, 1979. P. 9–10.
2. Dzadziev A.B., Dzucev H.V., Karaev S.M. Ethnography and mythology of the Ossetians. Concise Dictionary. –Vladikavkaz: Publishing and printing company V.A. Gassiev, 1994. 284 p.
3. Kolobaeva L.M. The Symbol in the Symbolist's Understanding // Kolobaeva L.M. Russian Symbolism. – M.: Publishing house of the Moscow University, 2000. P. 10–29.
4. Magometov A.H. Religious Beliefs // Magometov A.H. Culture and Life of the Ossetian People. – Ordzhonikidze: Ir, 1968. P. 469–490.
5. Miller V. F. Ossetian sketches. – Vladikavkaz: SOIGSI, 1992. 716 р.
6. Slanov A.A. Family Values // Slanov A.A. Traditional Spiritual Culture of the Ossetians. –Vladikavkaz: NOSPI, 2007. P. 67–70.
7. Hetagurov K.L. Osoba (An Ethnographic Essay) // Hetagurov K.L. Collected Works in 5 volumes. V. IV. – Vladikavkaz: Publishing and printing company V. A. Gassiev, 1999. V. 313–374. 8. Chibirov L. A. The Traditional Culture of the Ossetians. – M.: Russian Political Encyclopedia (ROSSPEN), 2008. 711 р.
9. Sjögren A. J. Religious Customs of the Ossetians, Ingush, and Their Neighbors for Different Occasions // Sjögren A. J. Ossetian Studies. – Vladikavkaz: Publishing House of North Ossetian State University, 1998. P. 40–68
10. Zgid’s Beauty //Ossetian Folk Tales. Compiler and translator: Salamov. T. A., Vladikavkaz: IR, 2006 . Р. 40–41.
11. How Soslan Married Vedukha // Nart Sagas/ Translation from Ossetian by A. Lebedinsky. – Vladikavkaz: Publishing and printing company V. A. Gassiev, 2000. P. 218–227.
12. Ossetian Folk Tales. Recording of the texts, translation, introduction and notes by A. G. Dzagurova. — M: the Main editorial office of Oriental literature of the Publishing house «Nauka», 1973. 598 p.
13. See also: Legends of Dalimons // Ossetian Legends: Book compiled by Jigkaev Shamil – Dzaudzhikaw: Ir, 2014 P. 70–81.
14. Tokaev A. I. Poems. – Ordzhonikidze: Ir, 1973. 308 p.

LINGUISTICS

Dzutseva  F.S.  Translation  of  Clichés  as  a  Means  of  Ethnic  Minorities  Languages  Developing.  Another  Mission  of  Russian  language

Abstract. The paper features some intralinguistic factors disabling the development of ethnic minorities’ tongues. It also substantiates the urgent need for а new type of electronic bilingual thesaurus dictionaries to face the challenges of the day.
Keywords: ethnic minorities, clichés, collocations, language rights:
REFERENCES
1. Baranov A.N. Lingvisticheskaya ekspertiza teksta: teoriya i praktika. – M.: FLINTA: Nauka, 2007. 592 s.
2. Gatsalova L.B., Parsieva L.K. Bol'shoy russko-osetinskiy slovar'. – Vladikavkaz, IPO SOIGSI, 2011 687 s.
3. Dzabiev Z.T. Frazeologicheskiy slovar' osetinskogo yazyka.– Tskhinval, 2004.
4. Titkova O.I. Rekurrentnye yazykovye edinitsy v institutsional'noy kommunikatsii // Vestnik MGLU. Vypusk 9 (695)/2014 Yazykoznanie. Aktual'nye problemy literaturnogo perevoda. S. 172–182.
5. Bruthiaux, Paul. (2008). «Language rights in historical and contemporary perspective» // Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 30(1), p. 73–85.
6. May, S. (2012) Language and Minority Rights: Ethnicity, nationalism and the politics of language, New York: Routledge [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: en.wikipedia.org.advanc.io›wiki/Linguistic_rights
7. UNESCO Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: www1.umn.edu›humanrts…Rculturaldiversitydecl.html

HUMAN, CIVILIZATION, CULTURE

Shaozheva  N.A. The  issue  of  ethnosocial  identity  in  public  opinion   of  the  Cossacks  in  the  Kabardino-Balkarian  Republic

Abstract. This article analyzes the question regarding ethno-social identity of Cossacks at the present stage. It is shown that, in spite of the fact that the identity of the Cossacks was formed in accordance with the traditional mechanisms of reproduction as a gomotropnym ethnic group is not possible, because the Cossacks combines etiologically different components.
Keywordsсossacks, ethnosocial identity, traditions, mentality, authenticity
REFERENCES
1. Klyuchevskiy V.O. Kurs russkoy istorii. T. 2. Lektsiya 27. – M.: Audiokniga, 2006.
2. Solov’yev S.M. Istoriya Rossii s drevneyshikh vremen. – M., 1959–1966. Kn. 3. T. 4. S. 243. Rezhim dostupa: http://cyberleninka.ru
3. Grigor’yev A.P. Istoricheskaya geografiya Zolotoy Ordy // Tyurkologicheskiy sbornik. – M.: Vostochnaya literatura, 2007.
4. Gubarev G. Kazaki i ikh zemlya v svete novykh dannykh. Vtoraya kniga o kazakakh. – Buenos-Ayres, 1974. S. 11–12. Rezhim dostupa: http://cyberleninka.ru
5. Sukhorukov V.D. Istoricheskoe opisanie zemli Voyska Donskogo. – Novocherkassk, 1903. S. 69. Rezhim dostupa: http://elan-kazak.ru//suhorukov
6. Savel’yev E.P. Kazaki. Istoriya. / Reprintizd. – Vladikavkaz: SPAS, 1991. S. 24–25.
7. Gumilev L.N. Ot Rusi k Rossii: ocherki etnicheskoy istorii. – M., 1992. S. 29–30. Rezhim dostupa: http://cyberleninka.ru
8. Gumilev L.N. Etnosfera: Istoriya lyudey i istoriya prirody. – M., 1993.
9. Shambarov V.E. Kazachestvo. Istoriya vol’noy Rusi. – Rezhim dostupa: //http: downloads/V.Shambarov
10. Adzhiev M.E. My – iz roda polovetskogo! Iz rodoslovnoy kumykov, karachaevtsev, kazakov, balkartsev, gagauzov, krymskikh tatar, a takzhe chasti russkikh i ukraintsev. – M., 1992.
11. Kurinnoy I. Kritika traditsionnoy istorii kazachestva. – Rezhim dostupa: http:// www.disput.az/index.
12. Burda E.V. Ocherki o terskom kazachestve. – Nal’chik, 2003. 213 c.
13. Bromley Yu.V. Etnos i etnografiya. – M., 1973. 284 c.
14. Pronshteyn A.P. Rol’ kazachestva i krest’yanstva v zaselenii i khozyaystvennom osvoenii Dona i stepnogo Predkavkaz’ya v XVIII – pervoy polovine XIX vv. // Izvestiya Severo-Kavkazskogo nauchnogo tsentra vysshey shkoly. – 1982. № 1. S. 55–59;
15. Matveev O.V. Kubanskoe kazachestvo v soslovnoy strukture Rossiyskoy imperii i tendentsii ego razvitiya v 60–80-kh gg. XIX v. // Problemy istorii kazachestva. – Volgograd, 1995. S. 32–43.
16. Shaozheva N.A. K voprosu o politicheskoy identichnosti kazachestva Kabardino-Balkarii: obshcherossiyskiy kontekst // Izvestiya Kabardino-Balkarskogo nauchnogo tsentra RAN. – 2015, № 5 (67). S. 185–186.
17. Shaozheva N.A. K probleme transformatsii traditsionnoy sistemy tsennostey kazachestva Severnogo Kavkaza v XIX–XX vv.: sotsial’no-ekonomicheskiy kontekst // Izvestiya Kabardino-Balkarskogo nauchnogo tsentra RAN, 2015. № 1(63). S. 234–240.
18. Vodolatskiy V.P., Volkov Yu.G., Barkov F.A. i dr. Kazachestvo kak etnosotsial’nyy fenomen sovremennoy Rossii (na primere donskogo kazachestva) // Materialy analiticheskogo doklada. – Rostov-na-Donu: Yuzhnorossiyskiy filial Instituta sotsiologii RAN, 2011.
19. Kazachestvo v sovremennoy Kabardino-Balkarii // Analiticheskiy otchet o rezul’tatakh sotsiologicheskogo issledovaniya. – Nal’chik, 2016. 123 s.
20. Tkhamokova I.Kh. Russkoe i ukrainskoe naselenie Kabardino-Balkarii. – Nal’chik: Izd-vo El’-Fa, 2000. 238 s.

Tsorieva  I.T.  Food  supply  of  the  soviet  town  in  the  context  of  everyday  life   in  the  late  1940s–1960s  (on  the  example  of  Ordzhonikidze)

Abstract.In the article by the example of Ordzhonikidze the situation with food supply of the residents of the Soviet peripheral towns in the late 1940s–1960s is analyzed. The problem of providing food to the population of small towns for many years had been unresolved. This had a negative impact on the emotional and psychological climate of Soviet society, the mood of ordinary people, served as a source to social apathy and thereby led to the decline of existing political system
Keywordseveryday life, the Soviet peripheral city, food supply, food shortage, the bread, Ordzhonikidze town.
REFERENCES
1. Memories Gabeeva R. D. (1940), written by the author in 2016.
2. Ordzhonikidze town – 200 years. Collection of documents and materials. – Ordzhonikidze: Ir, 1985. 469 p.
3. The State archive of Modern History of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania. Fund 211. Inventory 2. (Unpublished)
4. Zelenin I.E. The agricultural policy of Khrushchev N.S. and the agriculture // Proceedings of the Institute of Russian History. In 1997–1998. Vol. 2 / Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Russian History; holes. Ed. A.N. Saharov. – M.: the IRH RAS, 2000, pp. 394–425.
5. History of Vladikavkaz. Collection of documents and materials. Vladikavkaz: University of North Ossetia, North Ossetia combined museum of history, architecture and literature, 1991. 976 p.
6. North Ossetia for 60 years. Stat. collection. Ordzhonikidze: Er, 1977, 143 p.
7. Socialist Ossetia, 1960. March 18th.
8. Socialist Ossetia, 1958. February 28th.
9. Socialist Ossetia, 1960. March 6th.
10. Tsorieva I.T. Problem of Food Supply of Urban Population in the 1950s–1960s (by the Example of Ordzhonikidze Town) // Almanac of Modern Science and Education, 2015. № 12 (102), pp. 149–152.

Chibirov  L.A.  A  worthy  successor  of  glorious  traditions  of  the Ossetian  literature (To  the  80-th  anniversary  of  M. S.  Dzasokhov)

Abstract.Muzafer Dzasokhov is the brightest representative of generation of writers, which came to the Ossetian literature in the middle of the last century. The national poet of Ossetia, the winner of the state award of K. Khetagurov, the honored worker of culture of the Russian Federation and PCO-A. M. Dzasokhov achieved outstanding success in the field of poetry, prose and the translation. To his 80 anniversary since birth and the 55th creative activity the writer has come with the richest creative baggage which hardly holds in the biography of one person. M. Dzasokhov is the author of 35 significant poetic collections, novels and stories, translated works. His contribution to the Ossetian literature is considerable.
KeywordsDzasokhov, рoetry, рrose, тranslation, нomeland, мother, national.
REFERENCES
1. «Fydy farn». – Ordzh.,1964; «Rakændzynæn dyn mæ zaræg». – Ordzh., 1968; «Polozha ruku na serdtse. – Ordzh., 1971, «Zækhkhy uæz». – Ordzh., 1975; «Serdtse i vodopad». – M.: Molodaya gvardiya, 1982; «Iry dzykh’’kh’’». – Ordzh., 1984; «Osetiya – rodnaya storona». – M.: Sovetskaya Rossiya, 1989; «Kolchan». – M.: Sovremennik», 1991; «Arv æmæ zækhkh». – Dz., 1996; «Uytsy bony farn». – Dz., 1996; «Tsæradzonty kh’’uytaz». – Dz., 2005; «Zaman æmæ zamana». – Dz., 2009; «Zond æmæ amond», t. 1. – Dz., 2012; t. 2. – Dz., 2013; «Rong æmæ ævrong», t. 3. – Dz., 2014; «Ard æmæ somy», t. 4. – Dz., 2015.
2. «Ursdony bylyl – Bæræg’’uyn...». – Ordzh.,1981; «Na beregu Urshdona». – M.: Detskaya literatura, 1982; «Vesennie zvezdy». – M.: Detskaya literatura, 1976; «Zærvatykdzhyn bæstæ». – Ordzh., 1987; «Osetinskiy podarok». – M.: Sovetskiy pisatel’, 1988; «Mendzhy soy». – Dz., 1990; «Mysyry sydzhyt». – Dz.,1994; «Belaya malina». – Vl., 2000; «Dzæbidyry kh’’ul». – Dz.,2001; «Dællag Ir». – Dz., 2009.
3. Khetægkaty K’’osta. «Dzæbidyrdzuan». – Dz.:Ir, 1999.
4. Vasiliy Shukshin. Syg’’dæg arvy byn. – Ordzh.: Ir, 1980.
5. Chingiz Aytmatov. Mæ syrkhsærbættændzhyn ræsug’’d. – Ordzh.: Ir, 1976.
6. Uil’yam Shekspir. «Sonettæ». – M.-Vl.: Menedzher, 2014.
7. Omar Khayyam. «Rubai». – M.:Menedzher, 2001.
8. «Arsy uazdzhytæ». – Ordzh.,1971; «Ualdzygon st’’alytæ». – Ordzh., 1973; «Bekh’’any mugæ». – Ordzh., 1978.

Basiev  S.S.,  Bekuzarova  S.A.,  Bolieva  Z.A.,  Chshieva  M.Ch.  The  history  of  potato  crop

Abstract. The historical periods of potato=growing development are given. The services of outstanding scientists in the field of crop cultivating technology in the North Caucasus and in particular in North Ossetia are shown. The first steps of potatoes introduction in number of countries including Russia are described. Everywhere potatoes spread in the 2nd half of the 20th century. Dozens of new cultivars appeared during this period. Scientists achievements in working out potatoes cultivating technology are shown. In 1912 the agricultural department for Cossack training was opened in Vladikavkaz. In 1920s appeared North-Ossetian selection-experimental station for producing new cultivars of potatoes. New scientific directions of potato crops are listed.
Keywordsdevelopment, introduction, achievements, coryphaei of science, potato cultivars.
REFERENCES
1. I.I.Kudasov. Effect of temporal anaerobiosis on the potatoes growth and development // Proceedings of Gorsky Agricultural Institute. – Vol. 4 (12), 1941/ - Ordzhonikidze. 193–199 p.
2. Gu. V. Rakitin, N.N. Suvorov. Effect of temporal anaerobiosis of germination of young potato tubers. – Reports of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Vol. 4. №6–7. 1935. 112–117 p.
3. A. Ardasenov. – Vladikavkaz, 1977. 286 p.
4. Historical review of Terek region, Stavropol region, Kuban region. – M., 2008. 356 p.
5. Tersky calendar for 1907. – Vladikavkaz: Printing office of Terek regional government, 1907. 393 p.
6. Tersky calendar for 1912. – Vladikavkaz: Printing office ofTerek regional government, 1912. 413 p.
7. Tersky calendar for 1913. – Vladikavkaz: Printing office ofTerek regional government, 1913. 427 p.
8. TsGA PNO-A. F. 46. Op. 1. d.29/
9. Socialist Ossetia. 05.02.1984 // Interview with Z.M. Urutskoev – the Director of the Production Enterprise “Olginskoye” of Research Institute of mountain and foothill agriculture.
10. N.N. Klimenko. From the domestic seeds to the food safety // Potatoes and vegetables. 2014.№11. 2–4 p.

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Gurbanov A.G., Vinokurov S.F., Bogatikov O.A., Lexin A.B., Gazeev V.M., Tsukanova L.E., Shevchenko A.V., Dudarov Z.I., Gurbanova O.A. A new data on geochemical peculiarities of water of the main water artery of the Tyrnyauz tungsten-molybdenum mining complex activity region (Kabardino-Balkar Republic)

Abstract.In a 5th control points at the Baksan river valley (from vil. Islamay on the plain and 70 km up-stream on the Baksan river to background control sample № P00/16, which is arranged in 600 m up-stream along valley from mouth of Big Mukulan river) was sampling and exceed (in 2.5 times) of PDK for Al, Fe, V, Zn, Mn, Mo for water of reservoirs having of fishery district significance,have been established at the first time. There are 3 control points yet: in a mouth of Big Mukulan, Kamiksu and from small «protection» lake on tailrepository №1. Places for sampling have been selected so, that geochemical condition of river Baksan water (degree of their pollution ) was valid in dependence from subjection on it (water river Baksan) by channels which are draining of mines and tailrepositories of TTMMC. Based on analysis of data obtained it was revealed the clearly tendency implies that perpetually increasing nutrient (in comparison with background control sample of water № P00/16) was revealed in a water of Baksan river by channels which are draining of mines, quarry and tailrepositories of TTMMC (with a derivational tunnel) the following metals and metalloids: Li, Be, B, Si, S, V, Mn, Fe, Co, Zn, As, Y, Mo, Cd, Sb, W, Tl, but for Al, Ba, Bi this tendency implies is markedly worse. Scales of technology pollution (for one summer month) by industrial waste of TTMMC of river Baksan water was approximately estimated using abundance of debris cone by river of metal and metalloids (it calculated on concentration of elements [in mgr/lit.]) on segment between control point POO/16 and P6/16, and according discharge (in m3/day) by Baksan river into these control points. The calculation are shown, that combined debris cone of metal and metalloids by water of the Baksan river from control point P00/16 to point P6/16 (at entry river on the plain) was marked about 3256063 kg (4830010 kg – 1544725 kg). From the state report at the Kabardino-Balkarian republic became clear, that already in 2001 year in a water of the Terekriver (in the control point) have been established of PDK exceed for: Mo in 4-8; W in 4 and Cu – in 2 times. Consequently, the regional ecological catastrophe, expressed in pollution by ecologic dangerous elements the part (hydrosphere) of environment dwelling of human are beginning to display already. Ecologic dangerous elements, including and dangerous for fishery district (Li, B, Mn, Ba, Al, Zn, Si, S, W, Mo, As, etc.) are supply and will supply constantly: from channels which are draining of mines, quarry, tailrepositories of TTMMC (with a derivational tunnel) and from 3 brook which are effluent from the basement of embankment dam of tailrepository №1. In the total, in r. Baksan and respective to r. Terek because of the constantly pollution of its water will be decrease in area of fatten and spawning for the estimate race of fish. It has taken a sizable tolls to fishery district of South Federal region and will correspond, according consequence, to ecological catastrophe of the federal significance. It is established a necessity of improvement of ecological condition water of r. Baksan and rehabilitate of it fishery district significance and respectively decrease of negative action on health of population by means of decrease of ecologic dangerous elements concentration level in the main channel-soiling of Baksan river. For solving of this problem was done the concrete enumeration of measures, include using of cleaning-filter as an ionic-exchange columns (sections) of different types for the sequence (selective) extraction of ecologic dangerous and economical valuable elements. In the process it is important to be taken into account, that during extraction of economical valuable elements it is quite possible the incidentally to get of clean oxides of series of valuable metals (Mo, W, Cu, Zn and others), that essentially to raise an economical attraction of this proposal.
KeywordsTyrnyauz tungsten-molybdenum mining complex, methods of cleaning of waters of superficial currents, sources of contamination of waters.
REFERENCES
1. Atlas prirodno-tekhnogennykh opasnostey Kabardino-Balkarskoy respubliki. Pod red. I.I. Mazura. – M.: Izd. tsentr «Elima», 2005, S.126–127.
2. Vinokurov S.F., Gurbanov A.G., Bogatikov O.A., Karamurzov B.S., Gazeev V.M., Leksin A.B., Shevchenko A.V., Dolov S.M., Dudarov Z.I., Gurbanova O.A. Sezonnye kolebaniya kontsentratsiy makro- i mikroelementov i formy ikh migratsii v poverkhnostnykh vodotokakh v rayone deyatel’nosti Tyrnyauzskogo vol’framovo-molibdenovogo kombinata (TVMK) i prilegayushchikh territoriyakh (Kabardino-Balkarskaya respublika, RF) i mery po vosstanovleniyu ekosistemy // Vestnik Vladikavkazskogo nauchnogo tsentra RAN. 2016. T. 16. № 2. S. 55–63.
3. Vinokurov S.F., GurbanovA.G., Bogatikov O.A.,Sychkova V.A., .ShevchenkoA.V., Leksin A.B., Dudarov Z.I. Geokhimicheskie osobennosti utilizatsii zakhoronennykh otkhodov Tyrnyauzskogovol’framo-molibdenovogo kombinata metodom kislotnogo vyshchelachivaniya // DAN, 2016, tom 470, № 4, S. 344–347.
4. Vrednye veshchestva v okruzhayushchey srede. Elementy I–IV grupp periodicheskoy sistem i ikh neorganicheskie soedineniya. Sprav.-ents. izd. / Pod red. V.A.Filova i dr. – SPb.: Khimiya, 1988. 512 s.
5. Vrednye veshchestva v okruzhayushchey srede. Elementy V–VIII grupp periodicheskoy sistemy i ikh neorganicheskie soedineniya. Sprav.-ents. izd. / Pod red. V.A.Filova i dr. – SPb.: Khimiya, 1989. 592 s.
6. Vinokurov S.F., GurbanovA.G., Bogatikov O.A., Sychkova V.A., ShevchenkoA.V., Leksin A.B., Dudarov Z.I. Geokhimicheskie osobennosti utilizatsii zakhoronennykh otkhodov Tyrnyauzskogo vol’framo-molibdenovogo kombinata metodom kislotnogo vyshchelachivaniya // Doklady akademii nauk, 2016, tom 470, № 4, S. 445–447.
7. Gosudarstvennyy doklad «O sostoyanii okruzhayushchey prirodnoy sredy i deyatel’nosti Upravleniya prirodnykh resursov MPR Rossii po Kabardino-Balkarskoy respublike v 2002 godu». – Nal’chik, 2002.
8. Gosudarstvennyy doklad «O sostoyanii okruzhayushchey prirodnoy sredy respubliki Severnaya Osetiya-Alaniya v 2002 godu». – Vladikavkaz: Min. OOS i PR RSO-A, 2003.
9. Gosudarstvennyy doklad o sostoyanii okruzhayushchey prirodnoy sredy v Kabardino-Balkarskoy respublike v 2000 godu. – Nal’chik. 2001, 117s.
10. Gosudarstvennyy doklad o sostoyanii okruzhayushchey prirodnoy sredy v Kabardino-Balkarskoy respublike v 2003 godu. – Nal’chik. 2003. 257s.
11. Prikaz Rosrybolovstva ot 18.01.2010 N 20 «Ob utverzhdenii normativov kachestva vody vodnykh ob’’ektov rybokhozyaystvennogo znacheniya, v tom chisle normativov predel’no dopustimykh kontsentratsiy vrednykh veshchestv v vodakh vodnykh ob’’ektov rybokhozyaystvennogo znacheniya»

Kirichko  Y.A.   Unidirectional  rotary  of  the  foundation  blocks,  as  a   Mechanism  for  reducing  of  the  rigid  base  of  plicate  system’s  measurements  (For  example,  the  Central  Caucasus)   Part  № 1

Abstract.For the Cimmerian and Alpine stages in the development of the Central Caucasus (CC) considered mechanism of folding, taking into account the nature of the block structure of the basement, occur-rence mantle relics and especially manifestations of folded deformations. The decisive in the for-mation of a folding hard unidirectional rotation of the foundation blocks. The rotation mechanism is seen as part of a three-layer model of the Earth's crust. Formation of folding during the rotation of the foundation blocks due to the presence of horizontal compression forces, reduction of the sur-face of the hard base and the presence of synchronous current divergent vertical forces acting on the block boundaries. Within the Central Caucasus released 10 major large blocks having features of the mechanism, much of which previously stood as elevations and depressions.
KeywordsCentral Caucasus, foundation, cover, depression, depression, elevation, mechanism of folding, the reduction of the size of the hard basement, the rotation of the blocks of basement, dynamic fault.

Badov  A.D.,  Badov  O.A.  The  features  of  population  and  settlement  formation  in  North  Ossetia  in  the  XVII–XIX  centuries

Abstract. The article investigates the characteristics of the formation of settlement of North Ossetia in ХVII–ХIХ centuries. This article gives little-known facts about the origin of human settlements in the mountains and plains and the reasons of occurrence of German settlementswithin the region.
Keywordssettlement, population, Ossetians, Russian, Ukrainians, Germans, fortress, village, city.
REFERENCES
1. Alfavitnyy spisok naselennykh mest Terskoy oblasti po dannym 1900 g. –Vladikavkaz: Izdanie Terskogo oblastnogo Statisticheskogo Komiteta, 1900.
2. Antonov N.S. Naselenie Severnoy Osetii. Po perepisi 1926 g. – Vladikavkaz: Osetinskiy nauchno-issledovatel’skiy institut kraevedeniya, 1928. 67 s.
3. Badov A.D. Formirovanie, razvitie i funktsionirovanie rasseleniya v Severnoy Osetii. – Vladikavkaz: Izd-vo SOGU, 1993. 174 s.
4. Badov A.D., Makoev Kh.Kh. Ekologicheskiy potentsial prirodnoy sredy i geografiya naseleniya Severnoy Osetii. – Vladikavkaz: SOGU, 1998. 288 s.
5. Berozov B.P. Pereselenie osetin na ploskost’ (KhVII–KhKh vv.). – Ordzhonikidze: Ir, 1980. 240 s.
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Loginov  A.V.  To  certain  problems  of  juridicial  reform  in  the  Republic  of  Abkhazia:  in  the   context  of  development   of  own  juridicial  system  in  the  relations  to  Russian   juridicial  reform

Abstract.Тhe author examines the status of the judicial system of the Republic of Abkhazia in the light of the constitutional judicial reform. The author analyses common mistakes of this reform. It is evaluated the Russian experience in the development of the judicial system, including in the light of its impact on the Republic of Abkhazia. The author also deals the criticism of the ECHR as for military courts in relation to the problems of their independence from the military command. The author construes the problem of the establishment of the Constitutional Court.
Keywordsthe judicial system of the Republic of Abkhazia, the Supreme Court, the arbitral tribunal, the military court, City Court, the district courts, the high courts of the Russian Federation, the Association of judicial reform.
REFERENCES
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THE REPUBLIC INHERITANCE

To  the  100  anniversary  of  N.V.  Siukaev

SCIENTIFIC EVENTS

Science day in Vladikavkaz

Review of the printed publications of the VSC

ANNIVERSARIES, CONGRATULATIONS

The  70-th  anniversary  of  Professor  L.V.  Tsallagawa

POSTSCRIPTUM

Gabaraev  N.A.   Lost  Paradise