|

RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES REFORM

The structure contours. North Ossetian science adapts to a new format (the conversation of «Poisk» Stanislav Fioletov with Anatoly Kusraev)Detachment

HUMANITARIAN CHRONOGRAPH

Tolstoy L.N.About sience (The response to peasant)

Abstract. Tolstoy Lev Nikolaevich (August 28, 1828 – November 7, 1910) – an outstanding Russian writer and sophist. Corresponding member of the Imperial Academy of Science (1873), honours academician in fine literature (1900)..

CLASSIC ASSOCIATIONS

Khugaev I.S.«Younger sisters» By Helena Insarova: on the question of progress and progressivism

HISTORY

Chibirov L.A.About cycles of the Nart Legends (to the statement of the question)

Abstract. The Article is devoted to the principles of cyclization of the Nart legends. Lack of uniform rules and approaches together with imperfection of the principles of cyclization are depicted on the example of Syrdon’s image and his analogs in national versions. It is believed that the approach to cyclization of the epos has to be uniform and complex, taking into account such components as volume of legends, subject outline, motives, popularity of the hero.
Keywords: Nartovsky epos. Classification. Cyclization. Big and minor cycles. Integrated approach.
References
1.Shortanov A.T. Geroicheskiy epos adygov «Narty» // SNEK. – M.,1969.
2.Dakhkil’tov I.A. Ingushskiy nartskiy epos. – Nal’chik, 2012.
3.Kholaev A.Z. K voprosu o balkaro-karachaevskom nartskom epose / SNEK. – M., 1969.
4.Abaev V.I. Nartovskiy epos. Izvestiya SONII. Tom Kh. Vyp.1. Dzaudzhikau, 1945.
5.Abaev V.I. Izbrannye trudy.1. – Vladikavkaz,1990.
6.Dyumezil’ Zh. Osetinskiy epos i mifologiya, – M., 2001.
7.Mal’sagov A.O. O nart-orstkhoyskom epose ingushey i chechentsev// SNEK. – M., 1969.
8.Priklyucheniya narta Sasrykvy i ego devyanosto devyati brat’yev. Abkhazskiy narodnyy epos, – M., 2008.

POLITOLOGY

Kuzminov P.A.The North Caucasus social relationship problem study in pre-revolutionary period the problem

Abstract. The involved historiographic sources of the pre-October period allow us to speak about the existence of the three formed historiographic currents which conceptually reflect ideological addictions of the authors studying the reforms: official and guarding, liberal and democratic. The offered classification is conventional of course, owing to specifics of formation and evolution of views of some representatives studying Caucasus.
Keywords: Caucasus Studies, the North Caucasus, social relations, methodology, historiographical directions.
References
1. Istoriografiya istorii Rossii do 1917 goda. V 2-kh T. – M., 2003.
2. Pis’mo nachal’nika Terskoy oblasti nachal’niku Kabardinskogo okruga polkovniku A.A. Nuridu o tselyakh izdaniya oblastnoy gazety «Terskie vedomosti» // TsGA KBASSR. F. 2. Op. 1. D. 241.
3. Tyutyunina E.S. K voprosu ob organizatsionnykh formakh istoricheskogo kavkazovedeniya vo vtoroy polovine XIX veka. // Voprosy istorii i istoriografii Severnogo Kavkaza. (Dorevolyutsionnyy period).– Nal’chik, 1989.
4. Kuz’minov P.A. Deyatel’nost’ soslovno-pozemel’nykh komissiy v 40–70-kh gg. XIX v. v Tsentral’nom Predkavkaz’ye // Aktual’nye problemy bor’by s prestupnost’yu na Severnom Kavkaze. – Nal’chik, 2002.
5. Khlynina T.P. Idei «geograficheskogo sinteza» i problemy istoricheskikh issledovaniy // Voprosy teorii i metodologii istorii. Sb. nauchnykh trudov. – Maykop, 1987. Vyp. 2.
6. Kireeva R.A. Izuchenie otechestvennoy istoriografii v dorevolyutsionnoy Rossii s serediny XIX v. do 1917 g. – M., 1983; Tsamutali A.N. Bor’batecheniy v russkoy istoriografii vo vtoroy polovine XIX veka. – L., 1977; ego zhe. Bor’ba napravleniy v russkoy istoriografii v period imperializma: Istoriograficheskie ocherki / Otvet. red. B.V. Anan’ich. – L., 1986.
7. Illeritskaya N.V. Stanovlenie sovetskoy istoriograficheskoy traditsii: nauka, ne obretshaya litsa // Sovetskaya istoriografiya. – M., 1996.
8. Lappo-Danilevskiy A.S. Ocherk razvitiya russkoy istoriografii // Russkiy istoricheskiy zhurnal. 1920. Kn. 6.
9. Shmidt S.O. Arkhivnyy dokument kak istoriograficheskiy istochnik // S.O. Shmidt. Put’ istorika. Izbrannye trudy po istochnikovedeniyu i istoriografii. – M., 1997.
10. Tsit. po: Presnyakov A.E. Aleksandr Sergeevich Lappo-Danilevskiy. Pg., 1922.
11. Shiklo A.E. Sovremennaya sovetskaya literatura po istorii otechestvennoy istoricheskoy nauki epokhi kapitalizma // Istoriya SSSR. 1983. № 5.
12. Narochnitskiy A.L. O prepodavanii istoriografii v vysshey shkole // Voprosyistorii. 1973. № 6.
13. Kosminskiy E.A. Istoriografiya Srednikh vekov. – M., 1963.
14. Shmidt S.O. Nekotorye voprosy istochnikovedeniya istoriografii // Problemy istorii, obshchestvennoymysli i istoriografii (k 75-letiyu akademika M.V. Nechkinoy). – M., 1976.
15. Shmidt S.O. Issledovaniya po drevney i novoy literature // Sbornik statey, posvyashchennyy 80-letiyu D.S. Likhacheva. – L., 1987.
16. Dzidzoev V.D. Zarozhdenie i razvitie pravovoy mysli i obshchestvenno-politicheskikh protsessov v Osetii vo vtoroy polovine XIX v. Vladikavkaz. 2008.
17. Dzidzoev V.D. Ekonomicheskoe i obshchestvenno-politicheskoe sostoyanie Severnoy Osetii v nachale XX v. 1900–1917 gg. (Izdanie tret’ye). – Vladikavkaz, 2003.

HUMAN, CIVILIZATION, CULTURE

Kasity (Kaziev) M.R.In the name of truth (On Kamal Kchodov 75-th anniversary)

Abstract. Kamal Kchodov is one of the greatest poets of modern Ossetia, He has a bright creative individuality. The basic outline of motives that forms the semantic core of his poetry is offered here.

Keywords: Kamal, Ossetian literature, poetry, image, free verse, heart, motive, people, truth
References
1. Antakol'skiy P.G. Put' poeta // Lukonin M. Sobr. soch: V 3 t. T. 1. – M., 1978.
2. Babochiti R.O. «Ya zemli i neba prostotu postich' khotel by…» // Kamal. – Dzæudzhykh''æu, 2014.
3. Blok A.A. Sobran. soch: V 6 t. T. 2. – M., 1980.
4. Dzhusoyty N.G. Ænk''aræn – zarædzhy ændzaræn // Khurzærin, 2001. – 20 iyun'.
5. Dzhikaev Sh.F. Tsækhkh æmæ kærdzyn // Makh dug, 1967. № 6.
6. Dzutstsati Kh.-M.A. Ræstæg æmæ literaturæ. – Tskhinval, 1985.
7. Dzutstsati Kh.-M.A. Khæst æmæ zærdæ. – Tskhinval, 1966.
8. Dzhikaev Sh.F., Khugaev S.Z., Khodov K.Kh. Bonværnon. – Dzæudzhykh''æu, 1962.
9. Pisateli Osetii. – Vladikavkaz, 2015.
10. Kuznetsov Yu.P. Posleslovie // Kodzati A.M. Yabloko nartov. – M., 74.
11. Lametri Zh. Sochineniya. – M., 1976.
12. Matf., 17, 20;
13. Tedeev G.A. Avtorskoe vdokhnovenie i zritel'skaya simpatiya // Severnaya Osetiya, 1996. – 11 yanvarya.
14. Fedorov V.I. O diplomnoy rabote Kamala Khodova // Kamal. – Dzæudzhykh''æu, 2014.
15. Khetagurov K.L. Sobr. soch: V 3 t. T. 2. – M., 1974.
16. Khodov K.Kh. Vozrast muzhaniya // Severnaya Osetiya, 1992. – 24 aprelya.
17. Khodov K.Kh. Pora obnovleniya // Sotsialisticheskaya Osetiya, 1990. – 10 noyabr';
18. Khodov K.Kh. Traditsii – kak reka, kotoraya sama sebya ochishchaet // Severnaya Osetiya, 2006. – 13 maya.
19. Khodov K.Kh. Uatsmystæ 3 t. T. 1. – Dzæudzhykh''æu, 2009.
20. Khodov K.Kh. Tsækhkh æmæ kærdzyn. – Dzæudzhykh''æu, 1966.
21. Khoziev B.R. I v kamne prorezayutsya glaza // Literaturnaya Rossiya, 2001. – 18 maya.
22. Khugaev I.S. Osetinskaya poeziya: Sergey Khugaev, Kamal Khodov, Shamil' Dzhikaev (Kavkazskiy literaturnyy krug) // Literaturnaya gazeta. Vyp. № 37 (6384) (19 sent. 2012 g.)
23. Kh''odzaty Æ.M. Afædzy fælloy // Avtorty kollektiv. Kritikon uatstæ. – Dzæudzhykh''æu, 1990;
24. Tsybin V.D. Rodnik i tropa // Khodov K.Kh. Belye iskry. – M., 1976.

Hоziev B.R.Science as a way of introducing harmony into the world [in memory of professor T. A. Guriev (1929–2016)]

Abstract. The article is devoted to the study of the life and work of TamerlanGuriev, an outstanding scientist and organizer of scientific research dealing with the Ossetian linguistics, onomastics, folklore, etymology andlexicology

Keywords: Ossetian linguistics, onomastics, folklore, etymology, lexicology.
References
1. Agnaev A. Vliyanie russkogo yazyka na osetinskuyu leksiku // Sots. Osetiya. 1963. 16 fevralya.
2. Agnaev A. Slovo o nartskom epose // Sots. Osetiya. 1972. 20 yanvarya.
3. Guriev T.A. Vliyanie russkogo yazyka na razvitie osetinskoy leksiki v sovetskuyu epokhu: Avtoref. diss. kand. filol. nauk. – M.: MGU, 1954. 16 s.
4. Guriev T.A. K otsenke vliyaniya russkogo yazyka na osetinskiy do oktyabr'skoy revolyutsii //Uchenye zapiski SOGPI im. K.L. Khetagurova. T. 23. Vyp. 3. Ser. filol. nauk. – Ordzhonikidze: SOGPI, 1958. S. 327–330.
5. Guriev T.A. Vliyanie russkogo yazyka na razvitie osetinskoy leksiki. – Ordzhonikidze, 1962. 116 s.
6. Guriev T.A. Mezhdometie//Grammatika osetinskogo yazyka. T. 1: Fonetika, morfologiya / Pod red. G.S. Akhvlediani. – Ordzhonikidze, 1963. S. 323–329.
7. Guriev T.A. Slovosochetanie kak predmet sintaksisa // Grammatika osetinskogo yazyka. T. 2.: Sintaksis / Pod red. G.S. Akhvlediani. – Ordzhonikidze: Ir, 1969. S. 8–15.
8. Guriev T.A. Slovosochetanie s glagolom v roli glavnogo slova. T. 2: Sintaksis / Pod red. G.S. Akhvlediani. – Ordzhonikidze: Ir, 1969. S. 16–49.
9. Guriev T.A. K voprosam onomastiki osetinskogo nartovskogo eposa // Osetinskaya filologiya: Mezhvuzovskiy sbornik statey / Pod red. T.A.Gurieva. Vyp. 1. – Ordzhonikidze: SOGU, s. 38–48.
10. Guriev T.A. K metodike izucheniya onomastiki eposa // Problemy osetinskogo yazykoznaniya. Vyp. 1. – Ordzhonikidze: SOGU, 1984. S. 155–159.
11. Guriev T.A. Istoricheskaya osnova nekotorykh antroponimov v osetinskom nartovskom epose // Fol'klor i istoricheskaya etnografiya. – M., 1983. S.
107–118; Guriev T.A. K etimologii drevnego termina APSATI (AFSATI) // Etimologiya. 1985. M., 1988. S. 132–134.
12. Guriev T.A. K probleme sobstvennykh imen Nartiady // Problemy osetinskogo nartovskogo eposa. – Vladikavkaz, 2000; Guriev T.A. Nasledie skifov i alan: Ocherki o slovakh i imenakh. – Vladikavkaz: Ir, 1991. 173 s.
13. Guriev T.A. K probleme genezisa osetinskogo nartskogo eposa. – Ordzhonikidze: Ir, 1971. 168 s.
14. Guriev T.A. Kratkiy russko-osetinskiy slovar' – Vladikavkaz: Izd-vo SOGU, 192 s.
15. Guriev T.A. Kratkiy osetinsko-russkiy i kratkiy russko-osetinskiy slovar'. – Vladikavkaz: Iryston, 2003. 260 s.
16. Guriev T.A. Kto est' kto v alanskoy Nartiade: Slovar'. – Vladikavkaz, 1999. 96 s.
17. Guyriaty T. æmæ ænd. Nyrykkon iron ævzadzhy leksikologi.– Ordzhonikidze: Ir, 1989.144 s.
18. Iron nykhasy kul'turæ: Zonadon uatsty æmbyrdgond. 1 r-d / Bærn.red. Guyriaty T. – Ordzhonikidze: Ir, 1989. – 180 s.; Iron nykhasy kul'turæ æmæ stilistikæ: Zonadon uatsty æmbyrdgond. 2 r-d / Bærn.red. Guyriaty T. – Dzæudzhykh''æu: SOIGSI, 2001. 160 s.; Iron nykhasy kul'turæ æmæ stilistikæ: Zonadon uatsty æmbyrdgond. 3 r-d / Bærn.red. Guyriaty T. – Dzæudzhykh''æu: SOIGSI, 2006. 2002 s.
29. Luk'yanenko Lyudmila. Razgadavshiy taynu Nartiady: [T.A. Guriev] // Sev. Osetiya. 2004. № 7. 15 yanvarya.
20. Osetinskaya filologiya: Mezhvuzovskiy sbornik statey / Otv. red. Guriev T.A. Vyp. 1– Ordzhonikidze: SOGU, 1977. 152 s.; Osetinskaya filologiya. / Otv. red. Guriev T.A. Vyp. 2. – Ordzhonikidze: SOGU, 1981. 144 s.
21. Onomastika Kavkaza: Mezhvuzovskiy sbornik statey // Otv. red. T.A. Guriev. – Ordzhonikidze: SOGU, 1980. 192 s.
22. Osetinsko-russkiy slovar' – Vladikavkaz: SOIGSI, 1993. 384 s.
23. Problemy osetinskogo yazykoznaniya: Sbornik nauchnykh trudov / Otv. red. T.A. Guriev. Vyp.1. – Ordzhonikidze: SONII, 1984. 160 s.; Problemy osetinskogo yazykoznaniya / Otv. red. T.A. Guriev. Vyp.2. – Ordzhonikidze: SOGU, 1987. 188 s.
24. Tolkovyy slovar' russkogo yazyka. – L., 1982.
25. Yudakin A.P. Guriev Tamerlan Aleksandrovich // Vedushchie yazykovedy mira: Entsiklopediya. – M.: Sovetskiy pisatel', 2000. S. 233.

CONTRIBUTION TO THE SCIENCE

Dzidzoyev V.D.The guestions of russian-caucasian relationship in professor G.A. Kokiev works (on the 120 th anniversary)

1. Totoev M.S. Vydayushchiysya uchenyy-kavkazoved // Uchenye zapiski Severo-Osetinskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo instituta im. K.L.Khetagurova. Ordzhonikidze. 1967. Vyp. 1. T.27. s.242.
2. Kumykov T.Kh., Nagoev M.B. Kokiev – vydayushchiysya istorik–kabardinoved // Vestnik KBGII. Nal'chik. 2001. Vyp.8, s.90.
3. Dzidzoev V.D. Narody Severnogo Kavkaza v XVIII-XIX vv. Vladikavka. 1994. S.11.
4. Unezhev K.Kh. Istoriya Kabardy i Balkarii. Nal'chik. 2005. S.123.
5. Manbetov G.Kh. G.A.Kokiev – vydayushchiysya issledovatel' istorii Kabardy // Istoriya Kabardino-Balkarii v trudakh G.A.Kokieva (sbornik statey i dokumentov). Nal'chik. 2005. S.11.

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Gurbanov A.G.,Vinokurov S.F.,Gaseev V.M.,Lexin A.B., Kusraev A.G., Lolaev A.B., Dzeboev S.O., Oganesyan A.Ch., Ilaev V.E., Tsukanova L.E., Gurbanova O.A. Contents of macro- and minor elements in the surface water at the sadonsky lead-zinc company (slzc) area of activity and on adjacent territory (Republic of Northern Osetiya-Alaniya, RF) for revealing of the basic sources of hydrosphere pollution and measures on recovery of ecosystem

Abstract. According of VSC RAS long-term plans in July of 2015 year the surface channels at the SLZC area of activity and on adjacent territory in the basin of Ardon river have been sampling for subsequent analysis of collected water samples by the accuracy methods. The concentration of macro- and minor elements in water of the Ardon river (from it headstream up to it outflow on submontane plain near Alagir city) and in its lateral tributary were determined. Ardon river is a basic aquatic artery, which is drain of the SLZC area activity. Results of analytical investigation obtained had helped to revealed in water of Ardon river near it outflow on submontane plain on the southern part of Alagir city, the anomalous concentration a number of elements (Pb, Zn, As, Bi, Sb, Cu, Mo, Sn, S, Tl, В, which are typical for ores of Sadonsky ore field), considerably exceeding of the same elements concentration in background sample № 20/15, but there are no exceeding (in times) of PDK (maximum permit concentration) for drinking water. Based on geochemical data obtained the basic techogenic (Unalskoe industrial waste and water of its “defence” lake, pouring out directly to the Ardon river) and natural (river Archon and, in a lesser degree, river Unal-don) sources of pollution by number of heavy metal and toxic elements. Exceeding (in times) of PDC (maximum permit concentration) in water of the Archon river are revealing for Fe=21; As=1.8; Si=1.1; S=1.2; Ti=1.6; Mn=1.7; Fe=33.3; As=2.5; in water of the Unal-don river for Fe=21; As=1.8 only; in water from “defence” lake, pouring out by a drain tube directly to the Ardon river for Na=15.5; Al=27.5; Si=6.7; S=96; V=5; Fe=1.6; Zn=1.07; As=45644; Pb=22; Mo=14.6; Cd=6.4; Sn=8.4; Sb=5638; W=2.1. For the reduces of large negative load on the water of Ardon river it was propose on the basic techogenic and natural sources of pollution, first for “water” pouring out from “defence” lake directly to Ardon river: to select places for a temporary isolation of channels with producing of necessary volume reservoirs and dispose of cleaning filters as an ionically-exchanging column of different types; revealing forms of migration the basic elements-dirty; to carry out the laboratory tests for extraction of these elements from water by different methods and to elaborate a technology with a complex of methods of successive (or selective) of extraction of oxides of ecologically dangerous and economically important metals.
Keywords: сontents of macro- and minor elements, the surface water, Sadonsky Lead-Zinc Company (SLZC) area of activity, revealing of the basic sources of hydrosphere pollution, exceeding (in times) of PDK (maximum permit concentration), basic sources of water in Ardon river pollution, laboratory tests for extraction of t elements.
References
1. Gurbanov A.G., Shazzo Yu.K., Leksin A.B., Gazeev V.M. i dr. Promyshlennye otkhody Mizurskoy gorno-obogatitel’noy fabriki Sadonskogo svintsovo-tsinkovogo kombinata: geokhimicheskie osobennosti, otsenka ikh vozdeystviya na ekologicheskuyu obstanovku prilegayushchikh territoriy (pochvy i vodu r. Ardon), Respublika Severnaya Osetiya-Alaniya // Vestnik VNTs RAN. T. 12. № 4. S. 27–40.
2. Matveev A.A., Pryanichnikova E.V., Shestakova T.V., Semenov Yu.N. Geokhimicheskaya otsenka vozdeystviya Unal’skogo khvostokhranilishcha Sadonskogo svintsovo-tsinkovogo kombinata (Severnaya Osetiya-Alaniya) na okruzhayushchuyu sredu // Izv. sektsii nauk o Zemle RAEN. Vyp. 12. M. 2004. S. 136–147.
3. Pryanichnikova E.V. Otsenka ekologo-geokhimicheskogo sostoyaniya prirodnykh sred v rayone Unal’skogo khvostokhranilishcha SSTsK // 3-ya ekologicheskaya konferentsiya studentov i molodykh uchenykh vuzov g. Moskvy «Okhrana okruzhayushchey sredy na poroge 3-go tysyacheletiya v interesakh ustoychivogo razvitiya». – M. 1999. S. 127–130.
4. Pryanichnikova E.V. Ekologo-geokhimicheskie issledovaniya v gornorudnykh rayonakh (na primere Severnoy Osetii) // Vestnik MGU, ser. 4. Geologiya. № 2 M. 2005. S. 48–54.

Vinokurov S.F., Gurbanov A.G., Bogatikov O.A., Karamurzov B.S., Gazeev V. M., Lexin A.B., Shevchenko A.V., Dolov S.M., Dudarov Z.I., Gurbanova O.A. The seasonal variation of macro- and minor elements concentration and forms of its migration in surface channels at the tyrnyauz tungsten-molybdenum mining complex (tvmc) working area and adjacent areas (Kabardino-Balkarian Republic, RF) and action on recovery of ecosystem

Abstract. Geochemical investigation (by methods iCAP-6500 and ICP-MS) of water samples (collected in summer 2014 and in spring 2015 years) from surface channels of river Baksan basin at the Tyrnyauz tungsten-molybdenum mining complex (TVMC) working area, the anomalous concentration of large number of macro- and minor elements, a marked exceeding (in times) of PDK (maximum permit concentration) for drinking water. A maximum exceeding (in tens- hundreds times) of PDK was recognized for Mo – up to 11 mgr/l, W – 4.4 mgr/l, As – 1.5 mgr/l, Mn – 8.4 mgr/l, Tl – up to 3.3 minor-gramme/l in a water of Big Mukulansky creek, which is flow over ores quarry of TVMC in a water of 3 small creeks, which are exhausted from basement of pour dam of the super repository №1. Their, in our data obtained, is the main sources of pollution of the Baksan river water. It is proved, that in surface water of the Baksan river basin there are a significance distinction in concentration of macro- and minor elements in a summer and spring periods of year. In the Baksan river water in it outflow on submontane plain, it was adjusted an essential exceeding (in times for drinking water) of PDK (maximum permit concentration) at summer period for the following elements: Al, Fe, Mn, Be, Si, Ti, Tl and Hg. In a water of a small (no flowing) “defence” lake (of it beach part from wind erosion), over above-mentioned elements, it was established the high concentration of Mo, B, Hg, Sb and W, and in water of large (partially flowing) “defence” lake on the surface of super repository №1 only a concentration of As and W exceeding of PDK (in times) for drinking water. In a aqueduct of Bilim and Verchniy Baksan villages the concentration of Li and B, exceeding (in times) of PDK for drinking water, but its source unknown for the present. We are considered, that the anomalous concentration a number of elements in a channels at the Tyrnyauz tungsten-molybdenum mining complex (TVMC) working area, are predominant connected with a uneven swearing spread of technogenic eolian deposits, which are due to during a long-standing of a mass explosion works on the TVMC quarries. This explosion were created of ups at a height of 1 km a great pow dered “clouds” of a ore bearing rocks (skarns and hornfels), which are spread by wind streams on a distance from first up to tens km. It was established, that migration of elements (except Bi and Y) in a surface water to achieve as the true solutions. As a primary measures for the reduces of large negative load on the environmental agent, including the main water artery of the area - Baksan river it was propose the building tradev of water reservoirs for a creeks, which are draining of quarries, with a series cleaning filters as an ionically-exchanging column of different types is fitted with corresponding a set of mineral pitch.
Keywords:the seasonal variation of macro- and minor elements concentration, forms of minor elements migration, surface channels, the Tyrnyauz tungsten-molybdenum mining complex (TVMC), adjacent areas, action on recovery of ecosystem, geochemical investigation, water samples, anomalous concentration, exceeding (in times) of PDK (maximum permit concentration), ore quarries, the main sources of water pollution, technogenic eolian deposits, cleaning filters, ionically-exchanging column
References 1. Bortnikov N.S., Bogatikov O. A., Karamurzov B.S., i dr. // Vestnik Vladikavkazskogo nauchnogo tsentra. , 2013. T. 13. № 3. S. 22–30.
2. Gurbanov A.G., Bogatikov O.A., Karamurzov B.S. i dr. // Izvestiya Kabardino-Balkarskogo nauchnogo tsentra RAN, g. Nal'chik. 2015, № 1 (63), S. 82–90.
3. Gurbanov A.G., Bogatikov O.A., Vinokurov S.F. i dr. // DAN, 2015, tom 464, №3, s. 328–333.
4. Bogatikov O.A., Bortnikov N.S., Karamurzov B.S. Dokuchaev A.Ya, Gurbanov A.G. Tekhnogennye mestorozhdeniya poleznykh iskopaemykh: osnovnye aspekty na sovremennom etape (na primere Tyrnyauzskogo mestorozhdeniya) // DAN, 2014, tom 456, № 2, s. 213–218.
5. Ivanova S.A., Naumov V.N., Tanskiy I.S., Stepanishchev V.A., Zaytsev V.A., Kuznetsov V.A.. Ochistka podzemnykh vod ot bora metodom elektrokoagulyatsii // Voda: khimiya i ekologiya. 2013. № 10. S. 96–101.
6. Ivanova S.A.. Razrabotka tekhnologii ochistki prirodnykh vod ot soedineniy bora, ammoniya i zheleza. – M., 2015. Kand. dis. 110 s.
7. Tarasova N.P., Ivanova S.A., Naumov V.N., Kuznetsova V.A., Zaytsev V.A.. Ochistka podzemnykh vod ot soedineniy bora // Ekologiya promyshlennogo proizvodstva. 2013. № 1. S. 29–32.
8. Ustroystvo elektrokoagulyatsionnoy ochistki podzemnykh vod ot bora: pat. 143741 Ros. Federatsiya. № 2013153473/05; zayavl. 03.12.2013; opubl. 27.07.2014, Byul. № 21.2 s.

Tortladze L.А., Kashia E.Prospect aquiculture in the mountain districts of Georgia

Abstract. Georgia – rich biological ресурсамиздесь 25,075 large have and little the rivers is length 54,768 kilometres, now in mountain districts quickly the new type of aquiculture develops is a trout in certain stores. Aquiculture can help the decline of scales of poverty in rural mountain districts. Now, trout an economy quickly develops in mountain Adzharia and Джавахети. Little farms steadily develops in the mountain small rivers. In Adzharia during a few past years created 100 farms .They produce 1000 tons commodity fish. There are many reasons impedimental to development of aquiculture: foremost it is not Law on fish industry.
Keywords:aquaculture, trout farming, ichthyopathology, Georgia, Adjara, Javakheti
References
1. Eastfish. Eastfish Fishery Industry, Georgia.Vol. 16, by G. Nekerashvili, V. Tsuladze& N. Nadiradze.FAO/Eastfish. 1999. 65 pp.
2. Elanidze R. Georgian Soviet Fishery Encyclopaedia. Main scientific redaction, t. 6, pp. 547-548. Tbilisi, 1983 .

SCIENCE FOR INDUSTRY

Archegova O.R., Eremina A.F., Esenov R.S.Relaxation processes in lead-silicate glasses

Abstract. Studiedtherelaxationprocesses of conduction current lead-silicate glass 6Ba4 and micro channel plates (MCP), manufactured on its basis. Found that the relaxation processes in the glass are different than in restored in a hydrogen stream inc. It is assumed that the relaxation of the conduction current in the MCP is restored with the participation of electrons and holes, generated on in the process of reduction with hydrogen.
Keywords: lead-silicate glass micro channel plate, relaxation processes
References
1. Hill G.E. Secondary electron emission and compositional stadies on channel plate glass surfaces // Adv. Electr. &Electr. Phys., 1976, v. 40A, p. 152–165.
2. Eliseev S.A., Novolodskiy V.A., Polukhin V.N. i dr. Profili raspredeleniya elementov v poverkhnostnom sloe vosstanovlennykh svintsovo-silikatnykh stekol // Fiz. ikhim. stekla, 1985, t. 11, № 5. S. 603–604.
3. Tyutikov A.M., Sattarov D.K., Kravchuk G.S. idr. Issledovanie kharakteristik mikrokanal'nykh plastin s razlichnymi diametrami kanalov // Elektronnaya tekhnika, seriya 4. 1978. №4. S. 33–42.
4. Tyutikov A.M. O rezhime vosstanovleniya nekotorykh svintsovo-silikatnykh stekol, ispol'zuemykh dlya izgotovleniya mikrokanal'nykh plastin // Optiko-mekhanicheskaya promyshlennost', № 9, 1974, S. 40–44.
5. Zatsepin A.F. ShchapoYu.V. Ekzoemissionnaya aktivnost' i strukturnye osobennosti neuporyadochennykh matrits Pb0-Si02. // Izd. AN SSSR, 1988, ser. Fiz., t. 52, № 8. S. 1614–1618.
6. Paul W. Zhang Lipeng Structural role of lead in lead silicate glasses derived from XPS spectra // J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 1996, v. 194, № 1–2, p.129–134.
7. Sorokina M. F., Kanunnikova O.M., Gil'mutdinov F.3., Kozhevnikov V.I. Rentgeno-elektronnye issledovaniya vosstanovleniya svintsovo-silikatnykh stekol pri nagreve v vodorode // Izv. AN SSSR Neorganicheskie materialy. 1997, 33, 5. S. 621–625.
8. Shomakhov Z.V., Molokanov O.A., Kulov S.K., Karmokov A.M. // Izvestiya Kabardino-Balkarskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2010. № 1. S. 102–108.
9. Shomakhov Z.V., Molokanov O.A., Karmokov A.M. // Nano- imikrosistemnaya tekhnika, 2011. № 7. S. 14–17.
10. Shomakhov Z.V. Avtoreferat dissertatsii po teme «Vliyanie strukturnykh prevrashcheniy na elektrofizicheskie svoystva stekol elektronnoy tekhniki S87-2, S78-4, S78-5». – Nal'chik 2012.
11. Proskuryakov M.V., Petrovskiy G.T., Kutasov V.A., Kulov S.K., Kanchiev Z.I. Sposob vodorodnogo vosstanovleniya mikrokanal'nykh plastin na osnove svintsovo-silikatnogo stekla //
12. Kanunnikova O.M., Goncharov O.Yu. Vzaimodeystvie svintsovo-silikatnykh stekol s vodorodom pri nagreve. II. Termostimulirovannye protsessy v sisteme PbO-SiO2-H2 i kinetika vosstanovleniya svintsovo-silikatnykh stekol. Novye metody obrabotki i polucheniya materialov s zadannymi svoystvami // Fizika i khimiya obrabotki materialov. 15.04.2006. № 2 . S. 74–77
13. Kanunnikova O.M. Atomnoe stroenie i fiziko-khimicheskie prevrashcheniya v tonkikh sloyakh svintsovo-silikatnykh stekol pri vneshnikh vozdeystviyakh // diss. kand. fiz-mat. Nauk. – Izhevsk, 2009. 292 s.

THE OFFICIAL DEPARTMENT

The Conference of VSC RAS scientific workers

BOOK REVIEWS

Osmanov A.I. , Elbuzdukaeva T.W., Kochkarova Z.R. Review of the book: «The national security of Russia in the conditions the recognition of Abkhazia‘s and South Ossetia sovereignty and the Civil War in Ukraine (Historical, political and legal aspects)» by Dzidzoev V.D., Nickaev R.M.

ANNIVERSARIES, CONGRATULATIONS

Kamal Khodov‘s 75 th anniversary