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QUESTIONS ON HISTORY

Perevalov S.M. Discussion of the «sarmatian» horse-riding posture in a visual format.

The author comments session of the seminar «Human combating» (St. Petersburg) on the problem of Sarmatian combat mode of seat, in which the rider holds a lance in both hands. The author makes some comments regarding the methodology, treatment of sources, evaluation of re-enactment of the ancient cavalry fight without saddles or stirrups. According to the author, “Sarmatian” horse-riding posture is certainly existed not only among themselves Sarmatians, but also among the neighboring nations
Keywords: Sarmatians, ancient cavalrymen, visual sources, experimental archeology.
References
1. Blavatskiy V.D. O bosporskikh vsadnikakh v rospisi Stasovskogo sklepa // Antichnaya istoriya i kul'tura Sredizemnomor'ya i Prichernomor'ya. Sb. st. – L., 1968. S. 44–45.
2. Gaibov V.A., Koshelenko G.A. Ot Khorezma do Bospora: o «sarmatskoy» posadke vsadnikov // Problemy istorii, filologii, kul'tury (PIFK). 2013. № 2. S. 286–296.
3. Goroncharovskiy V.A., Nikonorov V.P. Iluratskiy katafraktariy (K istorii antichnoy tyazheloy kavalerii) // Vestnik drevney istorii (VDI). 1987. № 1. S. 201–213.
4. Danin D.S. Rezerford. – M., 1966. 624 s.
5. Dmitriev V.A. K diskussii o «sarmatskoy posadke»: izobrazitel'nye istochniki i problemy ikh interpretatsii. [Elektronnyy resurs] https://exchang.es/e/k-diskussii-o-sarmatskoi-posadkie-izobrazitiel-nyie-istochniki-i-probliemy-ikh-intierprietatsii?utm_source=tnp_lectures
6. Dmitriev V.A. Eshche raz o «sarmatskoy posadke»: metodologicheskie problemy interpretatsii izobrazitel'nykh istochnikov. [Elektronnyy resurs] http://archaion.narod.ru/dmit_tez_14.pdf
7. Kontamin F. Voyna v Srednie veka. – SPb., 2001. 416 s.
8. Lyuttvak E. Strategiya Vizantiyskoy imperii. – M., 2010. 664 s.
9. Ol'brikht M.-Ya. K voprosu o proiskhozhdenii konnitsy katafraktov v Irane i Sredney Azii // Rol' nomadov evraziyskikh stepey v razvitii mirovogo voennogo iskusstva. Nauchnye chteniya pamyati N.E. Masanova: Sb. mat-lov mezhd. nauch. konf. – Almaty, 2010. S. 66–85.
10. Nefedkin A.K. Pod znamenem drakona: Voennoe delo sarmatov vo II v. do n. e. – V v. n. e. – SPb., 2004. 192 s.
11. Nefedkin A.K. Voennoe delo sarmatov i alanov (po dannym antichnykh istochnikov). – SPb.,2011. 304 s.
12. Nikonorov V.P. K voprosu o parfyanskom nasledii v Sasanidskom Irane: voennoe delo // Tsentral'naya Aziya ot Akhemenidov do Timuridov: arkheologiya, istoriya, etnologiya, kul'tura. Mat. mezhdunar. nauch. konf., posvyashch. 100-letiyu so dnya rozhd. A.M. Belenitskogo. – SPb., 2005. S. 141–179.
13. Perevalov S.M. Voennoe delo u alanov II v. n. e. (po traktatam Flaviya Arriana “Dispozitsiya protiv alanov” i “Taktika”) // Istoriko-arkheologicheskiy al'manakh (IAA). Vyp. 3. – Armavir; M., 1997. S. 123–128.
14. Perevalov S.M. Kak sozdayutsya mify (k situatsii v otechestvennom alanovedenii) // IAA. Vyp. 4, Armavir; M., 1998. S. 96-101.
15. Perevalov S.M. Sarmatskiy kontos i sarmatskaya posadka // Rossiyskaya arkheologiya (RA). 1999. № 4. S. 65–77.
16. Perevalov S.M. Dva etyuda o pozdneantichnoy kavalerii // Para Bellum (PB). Voenno-istoricheskiy zhurnal. № 26. 2006. S. 41-52.
17. Perevalov S.M. Sarmatovedenie mezhdu istoriey i arkheologiey // VDI. 2007. № 3. S. 139–16.
18. Perevalov S.M. Mezhdistsiplinarnye spory v sovremennom sarmatovedenii // Problemy khronologii i eriodizatsii arkheologicheskikh pamyatnikov i kul'tur Severnogo Kavkaza. XXVI «Krupnovskie chteniya» po arkheologii Severnogo Kavkaza. Magas, 26–30 aprelya 2010 g. Tez. dokl. mezhdunar. nauch. konf. Magas, 2010. S. 281–284.
19. Rostovtsev M.I. Antichnaya dekorativnaya zhivopis' na yuge Rossii. Tekst. T. I. Opisanie i issledovanie pamyatnikov. –SPb., 1914. – XVIII, 537 s. : il.
20. Simonenko A.V. «Sarmatskaya posadka» – istoricheskaya real'nost' ili istoricheskiy mif? // Tret'ya kubanskaya arkheologicheskaya konferentsiya. Tez. dokl. mezhdunar. arkheol. konferentsii. – Krasnodar-Anapa, 2001. S. 161–166. 21. Simonenko A.V. Nekotorye diskussionnye voprosy sovremennogo sarmatovedeniya // VDI. 2002. № 1. S. 107–122.
22. Simonenko A.V. Tridtsat' pyat' let spustya: posleslovie // A.M. Khazanov. Ocherki voennogo dela sarmatov. Izd. 2-e, ispr. i dop. – SPb., 2008. S. 238–289.
23. Simonenko A.V. Sarmatovedenie mezhdu naukoy i fantaziey // Otrazhenie tsivilizatsionnykh protsessov v arkheologicheskikh kul'turakh Severnogo Kavkaza i sopredel'nykh territoriy. Yubileynye XXV «Krupnovskie chteniya» po arkheologii Severnogo Kavkaza. Vladikavkaz, 21–25 aprelya 2008 g. Tez. dokl. – Vladikavkaz, 2008. S. 337–341.
24. Simonenko A.V. Sarmatskie vsadniki Severnogo Prichernomor'ya. – SPb., 2010. 328 s.
25. Skobelev D.A. Ikonografiya kak istochnik po izucheniyu razmerov sarmatskikh kopiy // Para bellum (PB). 2004. № 3. S. 87–106; № 4. S. 77–102.
26. Skobelev D.A. Khochu vozrazit': o nekotorykh diskussionnykh voprosakh sarmatovedeniya (otvet na stat'yu A. V. Simonenko) // Para bellum novum. Voenno-istoricheskiy zhurnal. 2013. № 1 (34). S. 68–149.
27. Khazanov A.M. Ocherki voennogo dela sarmatov. Izd. 2-e, ispr. i dop. – SPb., 2008. 294 s.
28. Gaibov V.A., Košelenko G.A. A Horseman Charging a Foot Soldier: A New Subject in Parthian Glyptic Art // Parthica. 10. 2008. P. 99–107.
29. Junkelmann M. Die Reiter Roms. Teil III. Mainz am Rhein, 1992. – 227 S.
30. Junkelmann M. Reiter wie Statuen aus Erz. Mainz am Rhein, 1996. – 128 S.
31. Markle M.M. The Macedonian Sarissa, Spear and Related Armour // American Journal of Archaeology (AJA). 1977. 81. Nr. 3. – P. 323–339.
32. Markle Minor M. III. Marcedonian Arms and Tactics // Studies in the History of Art. Vol. 10. 1982. – P. 87–111.
33. Perevalov S.M. The Sarmatian Lance and the Sarmatian Horse-Riding Posture // Anthropology and Archaeology of Eurasia. Vol. 40. No. 4. 2002 Spring. [Armonk, N.Y.] 2003. – P. 7–21
34. Salin É. La civilisation mérovingienne. D’après les sépultures, les textes et le laboratoire. P. 1–4. Paris, 1949–1959. P. 4. Les croyances. Conclusions. Index général. 1959. – 579 p.
35. Speidel M.P. Catafractarii clibanarii and the Rise of the Later Roman Mailed Cavalry. A Gravestone from Claudiopolis in Bythinia // Epigraphica Anatolica. Zeitschrift für Epigraphik und historische Geographic Anatoliens (EA). 1984. 4. – P. 151–156.
36. White L. Medieval Technology and Social Change. Oxford, 1962. – 194 p.
37. Gazeta «Sovetskaya Osetiya», 1988, № 32, ot 16 fevralya.

QUESTIONS ON POLITOLOGY

Dzidzoev V.D. To the question of of the national idea (concept) of the Ossetian people (historical and political-legal aspects) determining.

The article considers the problem of determining the national idea of the Ossetian people, who found themselves separated by the will of the authorities since 1920. Ossetians, in which a total of just over 600,000 people, from 1920 till now live in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania and independent Republic of South Ossetia. The divided Ossetian people plays a negative role in the life of the nation, its prospects for the future. Today there is no clearly defined national idea (concept) of the Ossetian people, which in all respects is highly relevant and topical problem. It is proved that in the result of complex military, ethnopolitical and demographic processes in the national structure of the population of Ossetia started to change dramatically. Provides interesting facts, which first introduced into scientific circulation.

Keywords: North Ossetia, South Ossetia, the Federal centre, the crisis, the North Caucasus, nation, national politics, Economics, Russia, national-extremists, Ossetians, Ingush, Russians, Cossacks, politics, Republic of, crisis, Yeltsin, V.V. Putin, the analysis, the Supreme Council, the constitutional court, the Constitution of the Russian Federation, Prigorodny district.
References
1. Istoriya Severnoy Osetii. XX vek.– M., 2003. S. 506

MAN, CIVILIZATION AND CULTURE

Chibirov А.L. KUVD Mysteries.

This article announces the new interpretation of the significance of ossetian ritual ceremony of Kuvd. With reference to the famous Ossetian scientists V.I. Abaev, V.S. Uarziati there is the analysis of the sacred significance of the ceremony of Kuvd, examination of feasible parallels in other religions, in Zoroastrism particularly. Current ossetian ritual feast Kuvd on its surface is the reflection of an ancient mystic action. Kuvd - a prayer, a component of Kuvd, that is a ritual feast with sacrifice as a rule. It is the shaman ritual modified by the time, initial, archaic essence of which is retained in the name itself – “kuvd-prayer”, and which purposed to get into “alter state of consciousness” for obtaining the “mystic experience”

Keywords: Kuvd, Zarathustra, Avesta, Haoma, Herodotus, Scythians, androgyny, Nartiada, Uruzmag, rong, simd.
References
1. Eliade M. Aspekty mifa. – Moskva, 2010.
2. Osetinskaya etnograficheskaya entsiklopediya. – Vladikavkaz, 2013.
3. Uarziati V.S. Izbrannye trudy. Kniga pervaya. – M.: Proekt-Press, 2006.
4. Abaev V.I. Istoriko-etimologicheskiy slovar' osetinskogo yazyka. – M.-L., 1958.T.1.
5. Chochiev A.R. Fenomen mon i substantsiya ud v sisteme ari-as-alanskoy filosofii, very i mistiki. –Dzӕudzhykh''ӕu: Iriston, 2001.
6. Eliade M. Istoriya very i religioznykh idey. Zaratustra i religiya irantsev. – M. T. 1.
7. Mify narodov mira. – M., 1988.
8. Nartiada. – Vladikavkaz: SOIGSI, 2004. T.2

Chibirov L.A. About the reasons caused the ossetian-ingush confrontation.

Time passes, but an objective assessment of the Ossetian-Ingush conflict in autumn of 1992 has not yet been given. At the same time to establish the truth, are paramount reasons caused the war, but not a consequence. Based on historical documents, the actual materials, evidences of responsible statesmen it is proved that the detonator of armed conflict was the Ingush side; it is responsible for conflict initiating

Keywords: Ossetian-Ingush conflict. Prigorodny district. Vladikavkaz. Referendum. Federal authorities. Meeting. Congress. Aggression. Law. Repressed peoples. War. Mutiny.
References
1. Demograficheskiy entsiklopedicheskiy slovar'. – M., 1985.
2. Prigorodnyy rayon: vybor tseli. – Vladikavkaz, 1997.
3. Dzidzoev V.D. Kavkaz v kontse KhKh v.: tendentsiya razvitiya (istoriko-politologicheskoe issledovanie). – Vladikavkaz, 2004.
4. Prigorodnyy rayon. Sbornik dokumental'no-isto-richeskikh materialov. – Vladikavkaz, 1992.
5. Severnyy Kavkaz (gaz.), 1992, № 31.
6. Gutnov F.Kh. Dolgaya doroga k miru // Al'manakh rossiyskikh uchenykh sotsialisticheskoy orientatsii, 2000, № 2.
7. Kamarzati O. Zona Chrezvychaynogo polozheniya // Severnaya Osetiya, № 2 ot 14 yanvarya 2006 g.
8. V tumane nad propast'yu. – Vladikavkaz, 1994.
9. Khazbulatov R.I. Ingushsko-osetinskiy konflikt. Pravda i vymysel // Nezavisimaya gazeta «Zhizn'», № 2(9), iyun' 1996 g.
10. Khamkhoev V. Pomnit' i ne toropit'sya // Serdalo, ot 31 oktyabrya 2000 g.
11. Kulakovskiy A.V., Solov'yev V.A. Severnaya Osetiya i Ingushetiya. Opyt postkonfliktnogo stroitel'stva novykh vzaimootnosheniy. – Vladikavkaz, 2003.
12. Ingushetiya i ingushi. – Nazran', 1999.
13. Muzhukhaev M.B. Ingushi. Stranitsy istorii. Voprosy material'noy i dukhovnoy kul'tury. – Saratov, 1995.
14. Dzidzoev V.D. Fal'sifikatory istorii sozdayut bol'shie problemy // U nas est' budushchee. Molodezh' Prigorodnogo rayona po materialam pressy. – Vladikavkaz, 2005.
15. Kadokhov V.T. Nichego ne ponyali i nichemu ne nauchilis' // Gaz. Vladikavkaz, № 33, ot 6 maya 2005 g.
16. Eliade M. Istoriya very i religioznykh idey. Zaratustra i religiya irantsev. – M. T. 1.
17. Mify narodov mira. – M., 1988.
18. Nartiada. – Vladikavkaz: SOIGSI, 2004. T.2

QUESTIONS ON STUDY OF LITERATURE

Khugaev I.S. Realism and utopia of Hadji-Murat Muguev.

The text provides a general fixation of major ideological clusters and stylistic principles of the literary heritage of Hadji-Murat Muguev as Russian-language Ossetian Soviet writer, one of the brightest representatives of revolutionary romanticism and socialist realism

Keywords: Muguev, fund of Hadji-Murat Muguev, autobiography, revolution, war, East, Caucasus, Ossetia, Ossetian literature, Soviet literature, socialist realism, utopia, ideal, a detective, a historical novel.
References
1. Gal'chenko T.K. Tvorchestvo Khadzhi-Murata Mugueva. Avtoref. dis. kand. filolog. nauk po spets. 10.641. – M., 1971; Khugaev I.S. Rossiya i Kavkaz v istoricheskom romane Kh.-M.M. Mugueva «Buynyy Terek». Avtoref. dis. kandidata filolog. nauk. po spets. 10.01.02. – Vladikavkaz, 1997.
2. Abaev V.I. Za rodnuyu rech' // Abaev V.I. Izbrannye trudy: Obshchee i sravnitel'noe yazykoznanie. – Vladikavkaz: Ir, 1995.
3. Dzhusoyty N.G. Chto eto takoe – rodnoy yazyk pisatelya? // Dzhusoyty N.G. Kniga druzey: Sochineniya poslednikh let. – Nal'chik: El'brus, 2003.
4. Zhukovskiy V.A. Konspekt po istorii literatury i kritiki // Zhukovskiy V.A. Estetika i kritika. – M.: Iskusstvo, 1985.
5. Fondy SOMOL (Severo-Osetinskogo muzeya osetinskoy literatury im. K.L. Khetagurova). Fond Kh.-M.M. Mugueva.
6. Muguev Kh.-M.M. K beregam Tigra // Muguev Kh.-M.M. K beregam Tigra: Povesti. – Ordzhonikidze: Ir, 1978.
7. Kosterin A.E. Russkie dervishi // Moskva. 1966, № 9, str. 216–221. – URL: http://ka2.ru/hadisy/kosterin.html (06.07.2014).
8. Mayakovskiy V.V. V.V. Khlebnikov // Mayakovskiy V.V. Soch. v 2 t. – M.: Pravda, 1988. T. 2.
9. Khlebnikov V.V. Zangezi. – URL: http://www.electroniclibrary21.ru/poetry/hlebnikov/04.shtml
10. Muguev Kh.-M.M. Vesenniy potok // Muguev Kh.-M.M. Vesenniy potok: Voennye memuary. Povesti. – Ordzhonikidze: Ir, 1983.
11. Poshchechina obshchestvennomu vkusu. V zashchitu svobodnogo iskusstva: Stikhi, proza, stat'i. / D. Burlyuk, N. Burlyuk, A. Kruchenykh, V. Kandinskiy, B. Livshits, V. Mayakovskiy, V. Khlebnikov. – M.: Izd. G.L. Kuz'mina, [1913] (Tipo-litogr. Ya. Dankin i Ya. Khomutov).
12. Khadzhi-Murat Magometovich Muguev. – URL: http://coollib.net/a/15895 (09.07.14).
13. Lipatov V.V. «Kukla gospozhi Bark» // Lipatov V.V. Sobr. soch.: V 4 t. – M.: Molodaya gvardiya, 1985. T. 4.
14. Muguev Kh.-M.M. Buynyy Terek. Roman: V 2 kn. – Ordzhonikidze: Ir, 1974. Kn. 2.
15. Kipling R. Ballada o Vostoke i Zapade // Zarubezhnaya poeziya v russkikh perevodakh. – M.: Progress, 1968.
16. Muguev Kh.-M.M. Pesnya // Muguev Kh.-M.M. Rasskazy raznykh let. – M.: Voenizdat, 1978.
17. Khugaev I.S. Zardi zar:k 120-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya Khadzhi-Murata Mugueva // Dar'yal, 2013 № 5.
18. Nartiada. – Vladikavkaz: SOIGSI, 2004. T.2

PEOPLE OF SCIENCE

Fate and memory (to the 100th anniversary of the birth of academician S. S. Kutateladze).

STEADY DEVELOPMENT: ECOLOGY, ECONOMICS, SOCIAL RELATIONSHIP

Dzodzikova M.E. Natural conditions and the moisture of the Republic Of North Ossetia-Alania

The complex analysis of moisture in the Republic of North Ossetia Alania . Revealed that the re LAS freshwater sufficient to ensure the needs of the population of and commercial facilities in the Republic of household drinking water. Impressive reserves of drinking and mineral water Alagirskoye area (46.4% of all stocks in the country), namely the territories relevant to the reserve, and this despite the fact that the territory SOGPZ is only 12.86 % of the area of North Ossetia.M
Keywords: moisture content, fresh water supplies, drinking and mineral water reserve.
References
1. Amirkhanyan A.M. Severo-Osetinskiy gosudarstvennyy zapovednik. –Ordzhonikidze: «Ir», 1989. 104 s.
2. Beroev B.M. Po Severnoy Osetii. – Moskva: «Fizkul'tura i sport», 1984. 144 s.
3. Grigorovich S.F. Po goram i ravninam Severnoy Osetii. –Ordzhonikidze, 1960. 127 s.
4. Dzodzikova M.E. Vodnye resursy Severo-Osetinskogo zapovednika, problemy i puti ozdorovleniya ekologicheskoy situatsii // Mat.10-go mezhdunar. kongr. «Ekologiya i deti».Anapa, 2013. S. 303–305.
5. Dzodzikova M.E., Gridnev E.A., Pogosyan A.A. Khimiya vod Severo-Osetinskogo zapovednika // Sb. nauch. Trudov, posvyashch. 75-letnemu yubileyu d. g. n., prof. Beroeva B.M. «Gornye regiony: XXI vek». – Vladikavkaz, 2011. S.173–175.
6. Dzodzikova M.E., Gridnev E.A., Pogosyan A.A. Dinamika izmeneniy khimicheskogo sostava vod nekotorykh territoriy Severo-Osetinskogo gosudarstvennogo prirodnogo zapovednika // Vestnik MANEB. S-Pb., 2013. T.18. № 4. S. 56–58.
7. Dzodzikova M.E., Kabolov Z.Kh., Kasabieva E.E. Vodnye resursy Severo-Osetinskogo zapovednika // Mat. vseross. nauch.-prakt. konf. «Istoriko-kul'turnoe i prirodnoe nasledie narodov Yuga Rossii: sostoyanie, perspektivy sokhraneniya i razvitiya». – Groznyy, 2009. S. 143–145.
8. Dzodzikova M.E. Mineral'nye istochniki Severo-Osetinskogo gosudarstvennogo prirodnogo zapovednika // Mat. nauch. prakt. konf.: «Rol' osobo okhranyaemykh prirodnykh territoriy v ustoychivom razvitii RSO-A ». – Vladikavkaz, 2011. S.35–41.
9. Dzodzikova M.E., Pavlova I.G., Gabaraeva V.M. Vliyanie vod razlichnogo geneza na chastotu vozniknoveniya opukholey molochnoy zhelezy u krys, indutsirovannykh MNM // Mat. VII mezhdunar. konf. «Ustoychivoe razvitie gornykh territoriy v usloviyakh global'nykh izmeneniy». – Vladikavkaz, 2010. S. 124–125.
10. Dzodzikova M.E., Pogosyan A.A. Reki i ledniki Severo-Osetinskogo prirodnogo zapovednika // Sb. nauch. trudov, posvyashch. 75-letnemu yubileyu d. g. n., prof. Beroeva B.M. «Gornye regiony: XXI vek». – Vladikavkaz, 2011. S. 175–179

Badov A.D. Sex and age structure of the population of North Ossetia in 1897 and 2010: A comparative analysis.

The article examines the features of the demographic structure of the population of North Ossetia in 1897 and 2010.The article provides a comparative analysis of the gender and age pyramids…...
Keywords: Population, gender, age, pyramid, men, women, age cohorts, ratio.
References
1. Текущий архив Северная Осетиястата.

Tavasiev R.A. Lake morfolitogenezis in the Digor gorge (Central Caucasus Mountains).

The article examines the features of the demographic structure of the population of North Ossetia in 1897 and 2010.The article provides a comparative analysis of the gender and age pyramids…...
Keywords: Central Caucasus Mountains, morpholithogenesis, ancient lake, lake terraces, lake deposits.
References
1. Borunov A.K., Bochaver A.L. Kompleks antropogenno-sklonovykh terras – sostoyanie, transformatsiya i voprosy ispol'zovaniya // Transformatsiya gornykh ekosistem Bol'shogo Kavkaza pod vliyaniem khozyaystvennoy deyatel'nosti. – M.,1987. S. 91–103.
2. Budun A.S. Klimat i klimaticheskie resursy Severnoy Osetii. – Ordzhonikidze, 1975. 80 s.
3. Budun A.S. O kompleksnom ispol'zovanii maloproduktivnykh zemel' mezhgornoy severo-yurskoy depressii / Osnovnye problemy geografii Severnoy Osetii. – Ordzhonikidze, 1989. S. 13–19.
4. Vas'kov I.M. Ledovo-kamennye obvaly i ikh prognozirovanie. Opyt Genaldonskoy katastrofy, Tsentral'nyy Kavkaz. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing. 2011. 234 s.
5. Efremov Yu.V. Ozernyy morfolitogenez na Bol'shom Kavkaze. – Krasnodar, 2003. 262 s.
6. Kuchmezov B.Kh. Zemledelie u Balkartsev // Etnologicheskoe obozrenie, 2001. № 1. S. 66–79.
7. Rastvorova V.A. Formirovanie rel'yefa gor (na primere Gornoy Osetii) – M.: Nauka, 1973. 144 s.
8. Skripnikova M.I. Drevnie terrasovye kompleksy Severnogo Kavkaza: prichiny prostranstvenno-vremennoy ustoychivosti, struktura pochvennogo pokrova // Sovremennye problemy pochvovedeniya. – M: Pochvennyy institut im. V.V. Dokuchaeva, 2000. S. 516–527.
9. Skripnikova M.I., Kit M.G., Radziy V.F., Shpakivskaya I.M., Mariskevich O.G., Puka E.V. Drevnie antropogennye terrasovye kompleksy Karpat i Severnogo Kavkaza kak obrazets sozdaniya ustoychivykh vysokoproduktivnykh agroekosistem // Byulleten' Pochvennogo in-ta im. V.V. Dokuchaeva, № 55. – Moskva, 2002. S. 97–112.
10. Tavasiev R.A. K voprosu o proiskhozhdenii terras na sklonakh mezhgornykh kotlovin Severnoy Osetii // Vestnik Vladikavkazskogo nauchnogo tsentra. – Vladikavkaz, 2010. T. 10. № 4. S. 36–41.
11. Tavasiev R.A. O genezise brekchiy Arkhonskogo ushchel'ya // Vestnik Vladikavkazskogo nauchnogo tsentra. Vladikavkaz, 2011. T. 11. S. 44–48.
12. Tsepkova N.L. Drevnee zemledelie i pastbishchnye ekosistemy v vysokogor'yakh Tsentral'nogo Kavkaza (na primere doliny r. Zakki-don) // Vysokogornye ekosistemy pod vozdeystviem cheloveka. Trudy Vysokogornogo geofizicheskogo in-ta. – M., 1986. Vyp. 64. S. 47–65.
13. Tsepkova N.L. Antropogenovaya dinamika vysokogornykh lugov Tsentral'nogo Kavkaza. // Izvestiya Samarskogo nauchnogo tsentra RAN, 2007. T. 9. № 4. S. 919–925.

SCIENCE TO INDUSTRY

Basiev K.D., Bigulaev A.A., Khabalov G.I., Dzutsev T. M., Dzarukaev E.V. Investigation of the formation and development


Keywords: crack resistance, welds, stress-corrosion, natural gas pipelines, adsorption, stress corrosion cracking.
References
1. Tomashev N.D. Teoriya korrozii i zashchita ot korrozii. – M.: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1959.
2. Panasyuk V.V., Andreykiv A.E., Kharin V.S. Teoreticheskiy analiz rosta treshchin v metallakh pod vozdeystviem vodoroda // FKhMM, 1981. № 1. S. 61–75.
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5. Panasyuk V.V., Savruk M.P., Datsyshin A.P. Raspredelenie napryazheniy okolo treshchin v plastinakh i obolochkakh. – Kiev: Naukova dumka, 1976.
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